|In August 2004, the Olympic Games returned to the country where they were born over 2,500 years ago, and to Athens the city of their revival in 1896. Within the framework of the Olympic Coin Program, the Greek Mint issued a series of commemorative coins, Gold and Silver, on which Greek history and heritage were engraved. The first series of Official Coins of the Athens 2004 Olympic Games was issued on March 3, 2003 and includes 1 Gold and 2 Silver proof coins (Knossos - Runners - Disc).
Gold coin: On the large island of Crete, first inhabited in the Neolithic era around 6000 B.C., a glorious culture developed that became known as the Minoan civilization (2600-1100 B.C.). The most glorious monument of this civilization was the Palace of Minos at Knossos, the administrative and economic center, while at the same time it also had a sacred character.
Silver coin: Athletics has its roots in ancient Greek history. Its first Olympic Games in 776 BC included a 192.2 m sprint known as the one stadium race (equivalent to today's 200m sprint). During the first 13 Olympiads between 776 and 728 B.C. it was in fact the only athletic event.
Silver coin: Disc throwing is one of the most "noble" sporting events, since it did not have any direct connection with military exercises or farm work. It has remained virtually unchanged in the 28 centuries of its history, bearing therefore a significant historical tradition.