Latvian Euro Coins

On 5 March 2013, Latvia formally asked the Commission to deliver an extraordinary convergence report with the aim of joining the euro from 1 January 2014. On 5 June, the Commission concluded that Latvia meets the criteria for adopting the euro and on 9 July, the EU Finance Ministers took the formal decision opening the way for Latvia’s adoption of the euro. Thereafter, Latvia started preparing the changeover to the euro by implementing its national changeover plan, providing all the details for the organisation of the introduction of the euro and the withdrawal of the lats.

With Latvia’s accession to the euro area on 1 January 2014, the European monetary area was enriched in two ways: first, by the arrival of the new Latvian euro coins and second, by the addition of a new spelling of the word "euro". As the Latvian language does not contain the combination of letters "eu", Latvians themselves colloquially refer to their future currency as the "eiro". One prerequisite for the introduction of the euro, however, is that the currency must be referred to as the "euro" in all legal documentation, for example.

Latvian euro design

The design of the reverse of the Latvian euro coins was chosen at the all-Latvian competition of ideas in 2004. The jury selected Ilze Kalnina's proposal, with images that symbolize Latvia and its core values. They feature three separate designs, which were publicised in July 2006 on the home page of the National Bank of Latvia. The designs featured were the Latvian maiden, which was featured on the 5 lats coin prior to World War II, on the 1 and 2 euro coins, the greater Coat of arms of Latvia on the 10, 20 and 50-cent coins, and the lesser Coat of arms of Latvia on the 1, 2 and 5-cent coins. The Mint of Stuttgart in Germany won the tender to mint the Latvian euro coin, thus the Latvian euro coins carry the mint mark F

Originally, it was planned that Freedom Monument would be featured on the 2 euro coin, but the original design did not meet the regulations of the ECB since it reached out into the ring of the coin and changed one of the stars. Latvia decided that a changed design of the monument would not be as recognisable and decided to use the Latvian maiden, used on the 1 euro coin, on the 2 euro coin as well. The graphic design for the 1- and 2-euro coins was created by Guntars Sietins and the euro cent design by Laimonis Senbergs. The striking of coins took place over a period of about 6 months.

The Latvian 2 euro coin edge inscription

Edge
The edge of the Latvian euro coins
 
(GOD BLESS LATVIA)

Latvia Euro production

Latvia became the 18th Member State to adopt the euro, on January 1, 2014, on the 15th anniversary of the launch of the euro in 1999; 18 Member States and 333 million Europeans already shared the same currency. Commercial banks received euro banknotes and coins in advance from the Latvian Central Bank, the Bank of Latvia, and have in turn supplied euro cash to shops and other businesses.

A total of 800,000 starter kits with euro coins bearing Latvian national sides were made available to the general public since 10 December 2013. Moreover, 70,000 dedicated starter kits weren offered to retailers. As of 1 January, the Bank of Latvia started changing unlimited amounts of lats into euro at the official conversion rate (1 EUR = 0.702804 LVL) for an unlimited period of time and free of charge. Commercial banks provided unlimited cash exchange services free of charge until 30 June 2014 and post offices until 31 March 2014. In total, Latvia minted 400,280,000 coins, in 3 qualities, as well as 30,000 BU sets and 5,000 proof sets.

  • Two kind of starter kits will be released:
    1. 600.000 starter-kits with 47 coins for private citizens (value € 14,23)
    2. 200.000 starter-kits with 740 coins for businesses and traders (value € 200)
  • 240,000 coins for BU sets (30,000 coins of each denomination)
  • 40,000 proof coins (5,000 coins of each denomination)

The following is a breakdown of the volumes by denomination:

2 euros 1 euro 50 cents 20 cents 10 cents 5 cents 2 cents 1 cent
20,000,000 30,000,000 25,000,000 35,000,000 40,000,000 50,000,000 80,000,000 120,000,000
Image of Latvia 2 euros coin
Latvia 2 euros - Latvian maiden

The folk maiden depicted on the one-euro coin is a symbol of both traditional virtue and Latvian national currency, for it was this same portrait that adorned the reverse of the silver five-lats coin designed for the newly independent Latvian state by ... [ More ]

Year Mintage Price Shop
2014 20,000,000 pieces € 3.60 Buy
Image of Latvia 1 euro coin
Latvia 1 euro - Latvian maiden

The folk maiden depicted on the one-euro coin is a symbol of both traditional virtue and Latvian national currency, for it was this same portrait that adorned the reverse of the silver five-lats coin designed for the newly independent Latvian state by ... [ More ]

Year Mintage Price Shop
2014 30,000,000 pieces € 1.80 Buy
Image of Latvia 50 cents coin
Latvia 50 cents - Greater coat of arms of Latvia

The rising sun is a symbol of national sovereignty. It is the distinctive feature of the "Latvian riflemen", who fought against the Germans in the First World War. The three stars above the shield symbolise the union of the three Latvian cantons (Courland, ... [ More ]

Year Mintage Price Shop
2014 25,000,000 pieces € 1.00 Buy
Image of Latvia 20 cents coin
Latvia 20 cents - Greater coat of arms of Latvia

The rising sun is a symbol of national sovereignty. It is the distinctive feature of the "Latvian riflemen", who fought against the Germans in the First World War. The three stars above the shield symbolise the union of the three Latvian cantons (Courland, ... [ More ]

Year Mintage Price Shop
2014 35,000,000 pieces € 0.55 Buy
Image of Latvia 10 cents coin
Latvia 10 cents - Greater coat of arms of Latvia

The rising sun is a symbol of national sovereignty. It is the distinctive feature of the "Latvian riflemen", who fought against the Germans in the First World War. The three stars above the shield symbolise the union of the three Latvian cantons (Courland, ... [ More ]

Year Mintage Price Shop
2014 40,000,000 pieces € 0.45 Buy
Image of Latvia 5 cents coin
Latvia 5 cents - Coat of arms of Latvia

The Latvian national Coat of Arms was formed after the proclamation of an independent Republic of Latvia on November 18, 1918, and was officially adopted on June 16, 1921. It was especially created for its independent statehood. The national coat of arms ... [ More ]

Year Mintage Price Shop
2014 50,000,000 pieces € 0.30 Buy
Image of Latvia 2 cents coin
Latvia 2 cents - Coat of arms of Latvia

The Latvian national Coat of Arms was formed after the proclamation of an independent Republic of Latvia on November 18, 1918, and was officially adopted on June 16, 1921. It was especially created for its independent statehood. The national coat of arms ... [ More ]

Year Mintage Price Shop
2014 80,000,000 pieces € 0.30 Buy
Image of Latvia 1 cent coin
Latvia 1 cent - Coat of arms of Latvia

The Latvian national Coat of Arms was formed after the proclamation of an independent Republic of Latvia on November 18, 1918, and was officially adopted on June 16, 1921. It was especially created for its independent statehood. The national coat of arms ... [ More ]

Year Mintage Price Shop
2014 120,000,000 pieces € 0.25 Buy